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Multi-class image classification: sparsity does it better
Year: 2013 Keywords: Sparse Representation, Discriminative Dictionary Learning, Object Recognition and Categorization
Authors: Sean Ryan Fanello, Nicoletta Noceti, Giorgio Metta, Francesca Odone  
Book title: VISAPP: International Joint Conference on Computer Vision, Imaging and Computer Graphics Theory and Applications.
Address: Barcelona, Spain
Month: February
It is well assessed that sparse representations improve the overall accuracy and the systems performances of many image classification problems. This paper deals with the problem of finding sparse and discriminative representations of images in multi-class settings. We propose a new regularized functional, which is a modifi- cation of the standard dictionary learning problem, designed to learn one dictionary per class. With this new formulation, while positive examples are constrained to have sparse descriptions, we also consider a contribu- tion from negative examples which are forced to be described in a denser and smoother way. The descriptions we obtain are meaningful for a given class and highly discriminative with respect to other classes, and at the same time they guarantee real-time performances. We also propose a new approach to the classification of single image features which is based on the dictionary response. Thanks to this formulation it is possible to directly classify local features based on their sparsity factor without losing statistical information or spatial configuration and being more robust to clutter and occlusions. We validate the proposed approach in two image classification scenarios, namely single instance object recognition and object categorization. The experiments show the effectiveness in terms of performances and speak in favor of the generality of our method.
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